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Our wonderful host, Bernice Bennett's on-line Geneaology BlogTalk Radio Program did her best to assist in clarification and a orderly presentation of thousands of years of history in one hour.
This is the 2nd on-line radio interview I have done and I what to thank her for having me (Mrs. Teresa R. Kemp) as a guest. I will continue adding documents and more primary sources and Methodology. These post are part of the documents we will be discussing. I put the information here for your study & review. It continues my mission
To document, discuss preserve our families cultures and
contribution to World & American History.
You may not find the names of people who were listed on a slave holders federal U. S. Census records, they were only listed by gender, age, and race. You can also check the owners name to see if the owner had taken out a slave or negro insurance policy for loss. These policies have a name and sometimes a description.
|Sometimes slave ships were captured after the British abolished slavery in 1808.|
Below is one of two page employment list from the British Royal African Trading Company. It gives the names of both the free and enslaved crew members employed.
Aetna Insurance Company of Hartford, Connecticut’s newspaper ad letting the public know they have moved to a new building and still offering "Negro Insurance". With many insurance companies ensuring lives of the “Negro” or slaves there was no way the owners could lose. If the enslaved person ran away, or were killed, they were paid. I’ve heard the mistaken point of view, “The cost of slaves made cruel treatment too costly to masters who needed the skilled labor. After all they were expensive to purchase.”
In most cases that would seem true and I always try to show the balance of slavery. All situations were not the same or humane!
|Prison Records of returned escaped people like this Ibo Man & newspaper adds are informative.|
I have hundreds of photos of copies of Run Away Ads
Local prifon (prison has"f" is todays "s") or Gaol the 18th century word for prison kept records and are a great source of information. this one small Williamsburg Virginia advertisement list:
Location (James City Prison)
Skills, date (March 11, 1766), gender (Male), international origins - African Ibo group (tribe), His height (5 feet 6 or 7 inches tall), age in 1766 (about 40),
Slave holder information (he was sold by Col. Hunter),
Sold to (David Sallen)
Occupation of new owner (waterman)
Location of owner (late of Hampton),
Length of slavery before escape (about 6 years)
Period clothing worn (blue coat with metal buttons, cotton waistcoat, pair of buckskin breeches)
Facial description (he has country marks on his face)
*Groups from East Africa like Sudanese to West Africans like the Igbos and groups in between have body or facial markings for a variety of titled positions and reasons. Examples below.
Descriptions can be descriptive. Below the advertisement gives his name (George); that he is "outlandish"; his height; his fitness (strong limbed); clothing when and where he ran away from which a Census record and memories forget.
Native Americans, foreign born Irish, Germans and other nationalities were enslaved worldwide & in America not just indentured.
|In America it wasn't just Africans/African Americans who were oppressed in slavery.|
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